Research

I am currently involved in a number of research projects. I am contracted to write a new global history of the Weimar Republic and a history of Europe’s civil wars in the first half of the twentieth century, both for Penguin / Allen Lane and, in translation, for leading public-facing publishers in Germany, Italy, Spain, China, Japan, and Greece.

Simultaneously, I have always been keen to work in collaborative projects with early-career researchers and more senior academics around the globe. As Principal Investigator, I have received some EUR 6 million in competitive funding, including two major European Research Council Grants, several Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellowships, grants from the Gerda-Henkel-Foundation and the Guggenheim Foundation, as well as a string of Irish Research Council grants for PhD and postdoctoral fellowships.

I am an elected member of the Royal Irish Academy, the European Academy, and the Royal Historical Society and recipient of numerous research awards, including the Alexander-von-Humboldt Foundation’s Reimar-Lüst-Prize and the Irish Research Council’s cross-disciplinary 2022 “Researcher of the Year” Award. 



The Age of Civil Wars in Europe, c. 1914-1949

This project, funded by an ERC Advanced Grant (2022-2027, PI: Robert Gerwarth), challenges exceptionalist approaches to civil war. While it recognises that significant differences in causes, forms, and/or aftermaths existed between individual civil wars, it argues that those civil wars can only be fully understood as a phenomenon within a pan-European context. The project will therefore investigate the origins, courses, and legacies of European civil wars through a fully integrated team of scholars with complementary expertise on the Russian, Finnish, Irish, Spanish and Greek cases. This will enable comparison between these different conflicts, but it will also go beyond the nation-centric tendencies of comparative approaches to arrive at a better understanding of what made the first half of the twentieth century an era of civil wars in Europe.