Publications

Monographs

November 1918: The German Revolution

November 1918: The German Revolution

Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2020The German Revolution of November 1918 is nowadays largely forgotten outside Germany. It
The Vanquished

The Vanquished: Why the First World War Failed to End, 1917-23

London: Allen Lane, 2016US-Edition: New York: Macmillan, 2016For the Western allies 11 November 1918 has always been a solemn date
Hitler’s Hangman: The Life of Heydrich

Hitler’s Hangman: The Life of Heydrich

Yale University Press: New Haven and LondonReinhard Heydrich is widely recognized as one of the great iconic villains of the
The Bismarck Myth

The Bismarck Myth

The Bismarck Myth Oxford University Press: Oxford and New YorkFew statesmen in history have inspired the imagination of generations of

Edited books and special journal issues

Journal of Modern European History Special Issue: Civil Wars in 20th-Century Europe: Comparative Perspectives

Special Issue: Civil Wars in 20th-Century Europe: Comparative Perspectives

Edited by Martin Conway and Robert Gerwarth
Journal of Modern European History
In the first half of the twentieth century, Europe
The Waffen-SS

The Waffen-SS: A European History

Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2017, with Jochen Böhler

This is the first systematic pan-European study of the hundreds
Journal of Modern European History Special Issue: The Crisis of Empire after 1918

The Crisis of Empire after 1918

Robert Gerwarth and James Kitchen (2015)
Special Issue of the Journal of Modern European History
Journal of Contemporary

The Limits of Demobilization

Robert Gerwarth and Mark Edele (2015)
Special Issue of the Journal of Contemporary History
Empires At War / 1911-1923

Empires at War, 1911-1923

Robert Gerwarth and Erez Manela (2014)
Oxford University Press: Oxford and New York Empires at War, 1911-1923 offers a new perspective
War In Peace / Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War

War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War

Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (2012)
Oxford University Press: Oxford and New York The First World War did not end in
Political Violence in Twentieth-Century Europe

Political Violence in Twentieth-Century Europe

Robert Gerwarth and Donald Bloxham (2010)
Cambridge University Press: Cambridge and New York

This is a comprehensive history of political violence during
Hero Cults and the Politics of the Past (2009)

Hero Cults and the Politics of the Past (2009)

Robert Gerwarth (2009)
Special Issue of the European History Quarterly 
Constitutions, Civility and Violence in European History: Mid-Eighteenth Century to the Present

Constitutions, Civility, and Violence in European History: Mid-Eighteenth Century to the Present

Robert Gerwarth, Jose Harris, and Holger Nehring (2008)
Special Issue of the Journal of Modern European History
Wilhelmine Germany and Edwardian Britain

Wilhelmine Germany and Edwardian Britain: Essays on Cultural Affinity

Robert Gerwarth and Dominik Geppert (2008)
Oxford University Press: Oxford and New York

This collection of essays sheds new light on Anglo-German
Twisted Paths / Europe 1914–1945

Twisted Paths: Europe 1914-1945

Oxford University Press: Oxford and New York

A concise introduction to European history between 1914 and 1945, this series of succinct
European Review Of History

Terrorism in Twentieth Century Europe

Special issue of European Review of History

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles


  • “Europe’s Age of Civil Wars?”, in: Journal of Modern European History 21 (4/2022), – with Martin Conway, 442-451
  • “The Sky beyond Versailles: The Paris Peace Treaties in Recent Historiography”, Journal of Modern History 93/4 (2021), 896-930
  • “Resistance and Collaboration in the Second World War as Transnational Phenomena”, in: Journal of Modern European History 16 (2018), 175-182 – with Robert Gildea
  • “Ost- und Südosteuropäer in der Waffen-SS”, in: Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft 65 (2017), 605-10 – with Jochen Boehler
  • “El papel de la violencia en la contra-revolución europea, 1917-1939”, Pasajes 52 (2017), 24-43
  • “Of Spaces and Structures: Reflections on the Origins of Twentieth-Century Violence”, Journal of Modern European History (2016), 453-456
  • “The Limits of Demobilization: Global Perspectives on the Aftermath of the Great War”, Journal of Contemporary History 50 (2015), 1-14 – with Mark Edele
  • “Transnational Approaches to the ‘Crisis of Empires’ after 1918”, Journal of Modern European History (2/2015), 173-182 – with James Kitchen
  • “Αυτοκρατορική Αποκάλυψη. Η Κατάρρευση της Οθωμανικής και της Αυστροουγγρικής Αυτοκρατορίας και η κυριαρχία της βίας στα διάδοχα κράτη”, Επιστήμη και Κοινωνία 32 (2014), 17- 58
  • “The Great War as a Global War: Imperial Conflict and the Reconfiguration of World Order, 1911-1923”, Diplomatic History 38 (2014), 786-800– with Erez Manela
  •  רוברטגרווארת”החלטותהרותגורל:ריינהרדהיידריךוהרדיקליזציהשלהנחיותההשמדההנאציותלאחרההתקפהשל גרמניהעלבריתהמועצות”,בשבילהזיכרון,כתבעתלחינוךולימודהשואה,ביתהספרהבין-לאומילהוראתהשואה,ידושם ,
    גיליון12 (2012), 12 21
  • ‘Vectors of Violence: Paramilitarism in Europe after the Great War, 1917-1923’, Journal of Modern History 83 (2011), 489-512 – with John Horne
  • ‘The Great War and Paramilitarism in Europe’, Contemporary European History 19 (2010), 267-273 – with John Horne
  • ‘Hannah Arendt’s Ghosts: Reflections on the Disputable Path from Windhoek to Auschwitz’, Central European History 42 (2009), 279-300 – with Stephan Malinowski
  • ‘Fathers of the Nation? Bismarck, Garibaldi, and the Construction of Nationhood in Germany and Italy’, European History Quarterly 39 (2009), 388-413 – with Lucy Riall
  • ‘L’antichambre de l’Holocauste? À propos du débat sur les violences coloniales et la guerre d’extermination nazie’, Vingtième Siècle 99 (2008), 143-159 – with Stephan Malinowski
  • ‘The Central European Counterrevolution: Paramilitary Violence in Germany, Austria and Hungary after the Great War’, Past & Present 200 (2008), 175-209.• “Constitutions: Civility and Violent Collapse in European History”, in: Journal of Modern European History 6 (2008), 30-38 – with Jose Harris and Holger Nehring
  • ‘The Annaberg as a German-Polish lieu de mémoire’, German History 25 (2007), 372-400 – with James Bjork
  • ‘Der Holocaust als kolonialer Genozid? Europäische Kolonialgewalt und nationalsozialistischer Vernichtungskrieg’, Geschichte & Gesellschaft 33 (2007), 439-466 – with Stephan Malinowski
  • ‘Internationalizing Historical Research on Terrorist Movements in Twentieth-Century Europe’, European Review of History 14 (2007), 189-210 – with Heinz-Gerhard Haupt
  • ‘The Past in Weimar History’, Contemporary European History 15 (2006), 1-22


Peer-reviewed book chapters


  •  “An Age of Revolutions: East-Central Europe at the End of the First World War”, in: Bartosz Dziewanowski-Stefańczyk and Jay Winter (eds.), A New Europe, 1918-23: Instability, Innovation, Recovery (London: Routledge, 2022).
  • “Inter-ethnic violence in the early twentieth century”, in Mark Roseman and Dan Stone (eds.), The Cambridge History of the Holocaust (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming, 2023).
  • “Post-Wars and Violence: Europe between 1918 and the Later 1940s, in: Catriona Pennell and Filipe de Meneses (eds.), A World at War, 1911-1949: Explorations in the Cultural History of War  (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2019), 221-242
  • “1914-1945: Les sociéts e se mobilisent’”, in: Bruno Cabanes (ed.), Une Histoire de la Guerre, XIXe-  XXIe siècles (Paris: Seuil, 2018, pb: 2020), 526-537.
  • “1918 and the End of Europe’s Land Empires”, in: Martin Thomas and Andrew Thompson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Ends of Empire (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2018), 27-42.
  • “Europa und der Nachkrieg”, in: Konstantin Hermann and Matthias Rogg (eds.), Sachsen nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg: Politik und Gesellschaft eines deutschen Mittelstaates 1914 bis 1918 (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2018), 348-369.
  • “The Role of Violence in the European Counter-Revolution, 1917-1939”, in: Stefan Rinke and Michael Wildt (eds.), Revolutions and Counter-revolutions: 1917 and its Aftermath (Frankfurt: Campus, 2017), 141-160.
  •  “The Great War as a Global War: Imperial Conflict and the Reconfiguration of World Order, 1911-1923”, in: Thomas W. Zeiler, David K. Ekbladh, and Benjamin C. Montoya (eds.), Beyond 1917: The United States and the Global Legacies of the Great War (New York: Oxford University Press, 2017), 196-212 (with Erez Manela).
  • ‘Reinhard Heydrich: Der Vollstrecker des nationalsozialistischen Terrors’, in: Hans-Christian Jasch and Christoph Kreutzmüller (eds.), Die Teilnehmer: Die Männer der Wannsee-Konferenz (Berlin: Metropol, 2017), 63-78.
  • Also published in English as: “Reinhard Heydrich: The Nazi Terror Enforcer”, in: Hans-Christian Jasch and Christoph Kreutzmüller (eds.), The Participants: The Men of the Wannsee Conference (Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books, 2017), 58-74.
  • ‘Die Geburt des Antibolschewismus’, in: Norbert Frei and Dominik Rigoll (eds.), Der Antikommunismus in seiner Epoche: Weltanschauung und Politik in Deutschland, Europa und den USA (Goettingen: Wallstein, 2017), 49-64.
  • ‘”War in Peace”: Remobilization and “National Rebirth” in Austria and Hungary’, in: Mark Cornwall and John Paul Newman (eds.), Sacrifice and Rebirth:The Legacy of the Last Habsburg War(New York and Oxford: Berghahn, 2016), 35-52.
  • ‘The Axis: Germany, Japan and Italy on the Road to War’, in: Richard J. B. Bosworth and Joe Maiolo (eds.) The Cambridge History of the Second World War, vol. II: Politics and Ideology (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015), 21-42.
  • ‘The Continuum of Violence’, in Jay Winter (ed.), The Cambridge History of the First World War, vol. II(Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014), 638-662. This essay also appeared in French as: ‘La guerre après la guerre’, in: Jay Winter (ed.), La Première Guerre mondiale, vol. II (Paris: Fayard, 2014), 679-700.
  • ‘No end to war’, in: Hew Strachan (ed.), Oxford Illustrated History of the First World War (new, revised and extended edition, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2014).
  • ‘Cold Empathy: Perpetrator Studies and the Challenges in Writing a Life of Reinhard Heydrich’, in: Daniela Baratieri; Mark Edele; Giuseppe Finaldi (eds.), Totalitarian Dictatorship – New Histories: Essays in Honor of RJB Bosworth (London: Routledge, 2014), 21-38.
  • ‘Rechte Gewaltgemeinschaften und die Stadt nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg: Berlin, Wien und Budapest im Schatten von Kriegsniederlage und Revolution’, in: Friedrich Lenger (ed.), Kollektive Gewalt in Europas Großstädten während des ersten Drittels des 20. Jahrhunderts (Munich, 2013).
  • “Bolshevism as Fantasy: Fear of Revolution and Counter-Revolutionary Violence, 1917-23”, (with John Horne) in: Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (eds.), War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War (Oxford University Press: Oxford and New York, 2012).
  • ‘Krieg im Frieden: Der Weisse Terror in den Nachfolgestaaten des Habsburgerreiches’, in Klaus Weinhauer and Jörg Requate (eds.), Gewalt ohne Ausweg? Terrorismus als Kommunikationsprozess in Europa seit dem 19. Jahrhundert (Frankfurt: Campus, 2012), 123-137.
  • ‘Sexual and Nonsexual Violence against “Politicized Women” after the Great War’, in: Elizabeth Heineman (ed.), Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones: From the Ancient World to the Era of Human Rights (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011, pb.: 2013), 122-136.
  •  ‘Revolution and Counterrevolution in Twentieth-Century Europe’, in: Donald Bloxham and Robert Gerwarth (eds.), Political Violence in Twentieth Century Europe (Cambridge University Press, 2011), 140-175 – with Martin Conway.
  • Im Schatten des Reichsgründers: Der “Eiserne Kanzler” und die erste deutsche Demokratie, in: Markus Raasch (ed.) Die Deutsche Gesellschaft und der konservative Heroe: Der Bismarckmythos im Wandel der Zeit (Aachen, 2010), 63-78.
  • ‘Europeanization through Violence? War Experiences and the Making of Modern Europe’, in: Martin Conway and Kiran Klaus Patel (eds.), Europeanization in the Twentieth Century: Historical Approaches (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010),189-209 – with Stephan Malinowski.
  • ‘Control and Chaos: Paramilitary Violence and the Dissolution of the Habsburg Empire’, in: Heinz-Gerhard Haupt and Wilhelm Heitmeyer (eds.), Control of Violence: Historical and International Perspectives on Violence in Modern Societies (New York: Springer, 2010), 517-534. 
  • “Revolution and Counter-Revolution”, in: Robert Gerwarth and Donald Bloxham (eds.) Political Violence in Twentieth-Century Europe (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge and New York, 2010) – with Martin Conway.
  • “Introduction” in: Robert Gerwarth (ed.), “Hero Cults and the Politics of the Past: Comparative European Perspective” (Special Issue of the European History Quarterly), 2009.
  • “Introduction”, in: Robert Gerwarth and Dominik Geppert (eds.), Wilhelmine Germany and Edwardian Britain: Essays on Cultural Affinity (Oxford University Press: Oxford and New York, 2008).
  • “Introduction”, in: Robert Gerwarth (ed.), Twisted Paths: Europe 1914-1945 (Oxford University Press: Oxford and New York, 2007).
  • ‘Republik und Reichsgründung: Bismarcks kleindeutsche Lösung im Meinungsstreit der ersten deutschen Demokratie’, in: Heinrich August Winkler (ed.), Griff nach der Deutungsmacht: Zur Geschichte der Geschichtspolitik in Deutschland (Göttingen: Wallstein, 2004), 115-133.